Distance

Cubit 18 inches = 45 centimeters
Fathom 1.8 meters

  • Act 27:28 – And sounded, and found it twenty fathoms: and when they had gone a little further, they sounded again, and found it fifteen fathoms (20 fathoms: 36 meters; 15 fathoms – 27 meters)
Furlong 201 meters

  • Rev 14:20 – And the winepress was trodden without the city, and blood came out of the winepress, even unto the horse bridles, by the space of a thousand and six hundred furlongs. (1600 furlongs – 320 kilometers)
Furlong 201 meters

  • Rev 14:20 – And the winepress was trodden without the city, and blood came out of the winepress, even unto the horse bridles, by the space of a thousand and six hundred furlongs. (1600 furlongs – 320km)
Sabbath day’s journey 2000 cubits: About 1 kilometer

  • The distance to which, according to Jewish tradition, it was allowable to travel on the Sabbath day without violating the law (Acts 1:12; cf. Exodus 16:29; Numbers 35:5; Joshua 3:4.)
Stadium 5.4 kilometers

Volume

Metretes About 40 liters

  • John 2:6 Now there were six water pots of stone set there after the Jews’ manner of purifying, containing two or three metretes apiece. (2-3 metretes ~ 80 to 100 liters.)

Money

Denarius A day’s wage. 
Drachma About 4 grams of silver: worth about 3000 pesos.

  • Luke 15:8
Didrachma About 8 grams of silver: worth about 6000 pesos.

  • Matthew 17:24
Skekel About 4 grams of silver: worth about 3000 pesos.

  • Matthew 17:27 – Go to the sea and cast a hook and take the first fish that comes up, and when you open its mouth you will find a shekel.
  • The annual half-shekel temple tax was equivalent to two Athenian drachmæ, each Athenian drachma weighing a little over 4 grams. (Josephus, Wars of the Jews vii. 6, § 6).
Talent of gold About 50 kilograms of gold: worth about 2 million pesos.

 

Time

Sunrise 06:00 Mark 16:2
First hour 07:00
Second hour 08:00
Third hour 09:00 Matthew 20:3
Fourth hour 10:00
Fifth hour 11:00
Sixth hour 12:00n Matthew 27:45
Seventh hour 13:00 John 4:52
Eighth hour 14:00
Ninth hour 15:00 Acts 3:1
Tenth hour 16:00 John 1:39
Eleventh hour 17:00 Matthew 20:6-9
Sunset 18:00 Luke 4:40
First watch of night 18:00 – 21:00
Second watch 21:00 – 00:00 Luke 12:38
Third watch 00:00 – 03:00 Luke 12:38
Fourth watch 03:00 – 06:00 Matthew 14:25